Table 1. List of study species and range of previously published estimates of annual survival. Estimates printed in italics are return rates and would likely be higher if mark-recapture analytical methods had been used to estimate apparent survival. American Ornithologists Union species code, used to denote species throughout this manuscript. Source of published estimate: 1 DeSante and Kaschube (2006); 2 Strickland and Ouellet (1993); 3 Rosenberg et al. (1999); 4 Nott and DeSante (2002); 5 Gardali et al. (2003); 6 Roberts (1971); 7 Stewart (1988); 8 DeSante et al. (1998); 9 Sandercock and Jaramillo (2002); 10 Karr et al. (1990); 11 Nolan et al. (2002). § Calculated by averaging the annual survival estimates presented in Table 3 across landscape types and (where applicable) sexes.

Species spcd Temperate locations Boreal locations This study§
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
Empidonax flaviventris
YBFL na na 0.69
Gray Jay
Perisoreus canadensis
GRAJ 0.751 0.54-0.831,2 0.73
Boreal Chickadee
Poecile hudsonicus
BOCH na 0.491 0.38
American Robin
Turdus migratorius
AMRO 0.38-0.581 0.351 0.42
Hermit Thrush
Catharus guttatus
HETH 0.45-0.461 0.501 0.44
Swainson’s Thrush
Catharus ustulatus
SWTH 0.59-0.753,4,5 0.42-0.571,3 0.40
Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Regulus calendula
RCKI 0.261 na 0.01
Blackpoll Warbler
Dendroica striata
BLPW 0.341 0.311 0.28
Northern Waterthrush
Seiurus noveboracensis
NOWA 0.40-0.721,6 0.531 0.35
Yellow-rumped Warbler
Dendroica coronata
MYWA 0.29-0.701,4,7,8 0.371 0.23
Fox Sparrow
Passerella iliaca
FOSP 0.35-0.551,9 0.521 0.20
Lincoln’s Sparrow
Melospiza lincolnii
LISP 0.431,4,9 0.351 0.26
Dark-eyed Junco
Junco hyemalis
SCJU 0.39-0.541,4,10,11 0.311 0.23
White-throated Sparrow
Zonotrichia albicollis

WTSP 0.29-0.611,10 0.501 0.29