Fig. 4. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling plot of pine stands showing old-growth stands and mature stands. Species with Pearson correlations of >0.45 with axes: bhco (Brown-headed Cowbird); eawp (Eastern Wood-pewee); gcfl (Great-crested Flycatcher); heth (Hermit Thrush); lefl (Least Flycatcher); mawa (Magnolia Warbler); mowa (Mourning Warbler); nawa (Nashville Warbler); npwa (Northern Parula Warbler); oven (Ovenbird); rbgr (Rose-breasted Grosbeak); rbnu (Red-breasted Nuthatch); swth (Swainson's Thrush); veer (Veery); wiwr (Winter Wren); wtsp (White-throated Sparrow). Focal species: blbw (Blackburnian Warbler); brcr (Brown Creeper); btnw (Black-throated Green Warbler); evgr (Evening Grosbeak); piwa (Pine Warbler); piwo (Pileated Woodpecker); recr (Red Crossbill).